As you all know that India Successfully Launches its latest communication satellite, GSAT-31. Today we will discuss this Satellite in brief. First of all, let us know What is Satellite..?
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What do u mean by a satellite?
A satellite is a moon, planet or machine that orbits a planet or star. For example -Earth is a satellite of sun and moon is the natural satellite of the earth. The satellite has two types of a natural and artificial satellite. Natural satellites are those satellites that orbit or moves around planets and sun naturally and has not been operated by human influences.
Some of the best examples of natural satellites are Moon, Earth etc. Artificial satellites are those satellites which are manufactured and launched by humans in space for their own purposes. for example:- GPS IIR-1, The INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION (ISS) etc.
What do u mean by communication satellite?
Today everybody uses smartphones, televisions, smart watches, radios etc. But do u know how these things got signals or networks? let me tell you that these things got their networks from satellites. A satellite placed in orbit around the earth in order to relay televisions, radios, and telephone signals these satellites are known as COMMUNICATION SATELLITE. Example:- GSAT-31 satellite.
India Successfully Launches Latest Communication Satellite GSAT-31:
The INDIAN SPACE RESEARCH ORGANISATION (ISRO) is all set to launch its 40th communication satellite GSAT-31 on 6TH FEBRUARY from the spaceport in French Guiana. The satellite with a mission life of 15 years will provide continuity to operational services on some of the in-orbit satellites and augment the Ku-band transponder capacity in Geostationary Orbit, the space agency said.
In a statement, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) said the satellite, weighing about 2,535 kg, is scheduled for launch onboard the Ariane-5 (VA247) from Kourou in French Guiana. “The satellite GSAT-31 is configured on ISRO’s enhanced I-2K Bus, utilising the maximum bus capabilities of this type. The satellite derives its heritage from ISROs earlier INSAT/GSAT satellite series. The satellite provides Indian mainland and island coverage,” the agency said.
ISRO also said the GSAT-31 will be used for supporting VSAT networks, television uplinks, digital satellite news gathering, DTH television services, cellular backhaul connectivity and many such applications.
The satellite will also provide wide beam coverage to facilitate communication over a large oceanic region comprising a large part of the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean using wide band transponder, ISRO said.
The GSAT-31 is a “high power” communication satellite with Ku-band, and it is going to serve and replace some of the satellites that are going to expire soon. Gsat-31 satellite is based on phone communication networks. In order to provide customers with the best quality signals and to make India the biggest communication network, this satellite has been launched. This is the biggest launch and this satellite has its life warranty of 15 years. This satellite is the 40th communication satellite of India. With the launch of this satellite, India wants to become the best space research nation in the world.
This satellite was launched on 6th of Feb,2019. The launch of this satellite was made by spaceport from French Guiana.
Mass of GSAT-31
The mass or weight of the satellite is as similar to GSAT-30. These both satellites weighing 2535 kg. This satellite needs a heavy vehicle for its launch.
Coverage of This Satellite:
On the press conference ISRO (INDIAN SPACE RESEARCH ORGANISATION), confirms that this satellite covers almost all the mainland of India and also ISLANDS nearby INDIA that are Andaman and Nicobar island, Lakshadweep Island etc.
Movement of This Satellite Around Earth:
The movement of this satellite provide continuity to operational services on some of the in-orbit satellites and augment the Ku-band transponder capacity in GEOSTATIONARY ORBIT, the space agency said. This shows that the movement of this satellite is Geostationary.
ISRO interview about this satellite:
ISRO said that it is a great achievement of India after a successful launch of this satellite. ISRO also mentioned the coverage and weight of the satellite. In this interview, they said this satellite is the best satellite of India in the field of communication.